Ogden is named after Peter Skene Odgen, a British fur trapper, part of the Hudson Bay Company, who made an expedition into the Ogden Valley and mountains east of Ogden in 1824-25. Ogden's settlement began in 1843, when Miles Goodyear, a trapper, built a fort and trading post on the Weber River. In 1847 he sold it to James Brown. It was then called Brownsville for a few years at which point it was renamed Ogden.
In 1869, the transcontinental railroad was completed at Golden Spike Monument, (as it is known today), 60 miles northwest of Ogden. Ogden, being on the route followed by the railroad, grew quickly after this time and became the state's second largest city.
Odgen sits at the feet of the Wasatch Mountains, between Ogden Canyon and Weber Canyon. The two rivers meet just west of the city and flow into the Great Salt Lake a few miles further west.